Summary of Income-Driven Repayment Plans

Repayment Plan
Available?EligibilityMonthly Payment Discharge After
Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE)Now
(since December 17, 2015)
All Direct student loan borrowers.aNo partial financial hardship (PFH) requirementb10% of discretionary incomec20 years if repaying only undergraduate debt; 25 years if repaying any graduate debt
Income-Based Repayment (2014 IBR)Now
(since July 1, 2014)
Borrowers who take out their first loan on or after July 1, 2014, and have a PFH.10% of discretionary income, up to the fixed 10-year payment amount20 years
Pay As You Earn (PAYE)Now
(since 2012)
Direct student loan borrowersawho took out their first loan after September 30, 2007 and at least one loan after September 30, 2011, and have a PFH10% of discretionary income, up to the fixed 10-year payment amount20 years
Income-Based Repayment (Original IBR)Now
(since 2009)
All federal student loan borrowers (Direct or FFEL) with a PFH15% of discretionary income, up to the fixed 10-year payment amount25 years
Income- Contingent Repayment (ICR)
Now (since 1994)
All Direct Loan borrowers.dNo PFH requirement
 The lesser of: 20% of discretionary income and 12- yr repayment amount x income percentage factor25 years 

Income-driven repayment plans are a type of federal student loan repayment plan that bases the monthly payment on a borrower's income and family size. Income-based repayments were introduced in 2009 by President Obama as part of the College Cost Reduction and Access Act (CCRAA). They replaced the previous system, which relied only on fixed payments over 10 years or until forgiveness for those who qualified. The new system was supposed to provide relief to borrowers burdened with high debt from college loans; however, it has been criticized for not doing enough to help low wage earners struggling with their debts.

The two types of these plans are Pay As You Earn (PAYE) and Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE). PAYE caps monthly payments at 10% of discretionary income, while REPAYE limits them at 15%. Both programs forgive any remaining balance after 20 or 25 years depending on whether you qualify under PAYE or REPAYE respectively. These programs can be applied retroactively if they have not yet been used when applying for one but they cannot be combined with other forms of federal student aid such as Pell Grants, Perkins Loans, Stafford Loans etc., though there may be exceptions available through private lenders like Sallie Mae Bank.

Income-driven repayment plans are one of the many ways that people can repay their student loans. These types of programs allow borrowers to make payments based on their income and family size, which is much more manageable than paying back a fixed amount each month. The problem with these programs is that they have high interest rates and monthly payments, meaning you will end up paying more in the long run. This means it may be better for some people to pay off their debt quickly rather than stretching out the time period over 20 or 25 years because they would then save money in interest charges (The Congressional Budget Office). Gross domestic product has increased since 2008 by about 10%, but poverty levels still remain at 14%. As college tuition continues to rise, students need help with repaying debts as well as making ends meet while attending school (Student loan). Income tax in the United States varies depending on what state you live in; however all states do charge taxes on wages and salaries earned (Internal Revenue Service).

The Federal Student Loan Debt is the amount of money owed by a borrower to the Department of Education. This debt can be incurred from loans for college, graduate school or vocational training. The Federal Student Loan Debt has grown tremendously in recent years and now exceeds $1 trillion dollars.

Congressional Budget Office predicts that this number will continue to grow as more students take out loans to pay for their education expenses. Gross domestic product (GDP) has decreased over time due to student loan debt which may have an impact on future tax revenue generation if not dealt with accordingly. Tax rates are also impacted because they cannot increase without Congressional approval which could lead to budget deficits and less spending power among citizens who owe student loan debts while paying taxes at higher rates than those who do not have any outstanding federal student loan debts

Internal Revenue Service collects unpaid taxes through withholding income tax in the United States, but there are many ways taxpayers can avoid incurring these additional costs such as filing an extension or making estimated payments throughout the year instead of waiting until April 15th when it's too late for most people

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that the average borrower will repay $21,000 in student loans over 10 years. This is an increase from a decade ago when the CBO estimated that borrowers would pay back about $17,500 on average. The increased cost of living and higher tuition rates are to blame for this change.

Income tax in America can come into play with student loan repayment as well since taxpayers have to report any forgiven debt as income on their taxes at fair market value if they qualify for Public Service Loan Forgiveness or Income-Based Repayment plans which means more money coming out of your paycheck each month than you might anticipate.

Taxpayers also need to be aware that there may be state income tax implications depending upon where they live and how much they earn annually because some states do not allow deductions for federal taxes paid so those who owe a lot in federal taxes could end up owing even more in state taxes after deducting what was already owed federally

The Congressional Budget Office estimates that the federal government will spend $1.3 trillion on student loans this year, which is more than it spends on Medicaid or any other program except Social Security. The CBO also predicts that by 2025, one-quarter of all Americans over age 25 with a bachelor’s degree will have outstanding student loans and their debt burden could lead to lower consumption spending and economic growth in the future as they pay off their loans.

Income tax in America allows for deductions from taxable income for interest paid on qualified education loan (student) debt up to certain limits; these are called "above-the-line" deductions because they can be claimed even if you do not itemize your taxes. These limits vary depending upon filing status: married taxpayers filing jointly may deduct up to $2,500 per year ($625 each), single taxpayers may deduct up to $2,000 ($500 each), head of household filers may deduct up to $1,000 ($250 each) and those who qualify as unmarried individuals living apart from spouse may claim an above-the line deduction amount equal only half the limit applicable under another category (i.e., either $1,000 or $500). In addition there are provisions allowing some students enrolled at least half time in college courses during less than five calendar years after high school graduation date (or completion of GED requirements) to exclude interest paid during such periods from gross income when calculating eligibility for these benefits; however this provision does not apply if borrower has previously used higher education tuition/fees deduction or American Opportunity Tax Credit .

Internal Revenue Service provides information about repayment plans available through lenders including Income Based Repayment Plan , Pay As You Earn Program , Revised Pay As You Earn Program , Income Contingent Repayment Plan etc.; borrowers should consult IRS website before choosing plan as some plans require additional paperwork .

Income-driven repayment plans are a way to repay student loans that is designed for people with low incomes and high debt. This plan allows borrowers who have a difficult time paying back their loans in one lump sum, the ability to pay them back over an extended period of time as they make income. The benefits of this type of payment plan include lower monthly payments, which can be easier on someone's budget; less interest paid over the life of the loan because it is spread out over more years; and tax deductions if you use an IRS approved program such as PAYE or REPAYE (which stands for Revised Pay As You Earn).

The Congressional Budget Office has found that these programs will cost taxpayers $24 billion from 2017-2026. However, there are also many benefits including increased access to credit among students who might not otherwise qualify due to their poor financial history; reduced borrowing costs for those with higher levels of debt but lower incomes than average Americans; and improved economic outcomes by allowing individuals struggling financially greater opportunity to get ahead economically through saving money on interest rates while paying off debts faster. Income-driven repayment plans allow borrowers another option when repaying student loans other than just making fixed payments every month until they're repaid in full like traditional student loan options do.